African-Americans gathered and organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott.They decided they would not ride on the buses again until they were treated the same as whites.However, the military was segregated, and they were not given the same opportunities as white soldiers.After activism from black veterans, President Harry Truman de-segregated the military in 1948.Under segregation, blacks could not sit in front of whites - they had to sit in the back of the bus.
Starting in 1890, Southern Democrats began to pass state laws that took away the rights African Americans had gained. For example, they included: Things were separate, but not equal. Individuals, groups, police, and huge crowds of people could hurt or even kill African Americans, without the government trying to stop them or punishing them. Segregation in housing was a problem across the United States.
The word "African-American" was not used at the time, so the movement was usually called The Civil Rights Movement.
This article talks about the part of the movement that lasted from about 1954 to 1968.
However, the Movement got political and financial support from labor unions, religious groups, and some white politicians, like Lyndon B. Activists of all races came to join African-Americans in marches, sit-ins, and protests. It helped to get five federal laws and two amendments to the Constitution passed. government tried to enforce the rights of ex-slaves in the South through a process called Reconstruction. By the 1890s, the Southern states' legislatures were all-white again.
These officially protected African Americans' rights. It also helped change many white people's attitudes about the way black people were treated and the rights they deserved. Southern Democrats, who did not support civil rights for blacks, completely ruled the South.